Cook, James, 1728-1779, A voyage towards the South Pole, and round the world : Performed in His Majesty’s ships the Resolution and Adventure, in the years, 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775 / Written by James Cook, commander of the Resolution. In which is included, Captain Furneaux’s narrative of his proceedings in the Adventure during the separation of the ships … Illustrated with maps and charts, and a variety of portraits … and views … drawn during the voyage by Mr. Hodges, London : Printed for W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1777 (2nd edition).
Cook provided the world with a complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia by his travels from 1772 to 1780. This is the official account of his second and most important voyage when he cruised as far south as possible around the edge of the Antarctic ice and numerous Pacific islands including New Caledonia, Easter Island, the Marguesas, and Tonga. Based on observations made during this voyage he suggested the existence of Antarctic land at the South Pole, which was not proven until the next century.
James Cook was the first sea captain to understand and make the health of his crew a priority. He insisted on the cleanliness of his ship and overcame scurvy by always providing fresh fruits and vegetables. During this second voyage the ship Resolution was manned by 112 sailors and only one was lost by disease.
A voyage towards the South Pole, and round the world is part of the Rare Book Collection at Haverford College and is available for review in the reading room of Special Collections.
Please contact Ann Upton with questions or comments.